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News Release


Contact: Chase Smith

News Writer

1801 Monks Ave.

Mankato, MN 56001                                                                                 November 28, 2012

763-234-4792                                                                                     For Immediate Release


100 Year Anniversary of Mankato Massacre

MANKATO, Minn.- December 26 will mark the 150-year anniversary of the largest Native American massacre in the history of the United States.  38 Dakota men lost their lives during a mass execution in 1962.  

The conflict began when five settlers were killed by four young Sioux men.  There are many versions of what happened before the killings, but they all have the same end result.  The four men went back to their tribe and explained what had happened.  At that point, ‘war’ was declared.

The next morning, Little Crow (Leader of the tribe) led several hundred warriors attacked the federal outpost that the settlers built on their land.  They took food, burned buildings and killed 1/4 of the men in the outpost. 

From there, the Dakota tribe went along the river valley attacking settler’s homes while most were unarmed.  Some killed every settler they saw, but most spared the lives of settlers that they had previously known.  Even Little Crow allowed a woman to stay in his house during the war.

Most people who hear this story today think of a savage tribe attacking innocent settlers for no apparent reason, when in reality, the Dakota’s were victims as well.

The Dakotas had been manipulated and bullied by the settlers throughout the entire exchange.  Settlers would convince the tribe that they were giving their land away at a reasonable price but were actually ripping them off.  Once the 30+ million acre deal was made, the settlers treated the Dakotas like animals.

The fighting lasted 36 days.  Settlers were being ambushed by the tribe and were forced to flee across the prairie.  This is when they turned to Henry Sibley to be their leader.  Sibley had no military experience and was criticized by his followers for not giving all his effort into catching the Dakotas as they moved behind them.

Instead, Sibley met with the Dakota women, children and older men and promised them that they would be treated fairly if they turned themselves in.  The group agreed and walked all the way to St. Paul and was help in Fort Snelling as a concentration camp.

Of the 400 Dakota men that did turn themselves in, 38 of them were condemned.  Sibley gave them no attourney, no witnesses and very unfair trials.  Soldiers who had been fighting against the Dakotas just days before were the ones who decided the verdicts of these men.  





This American Life does a fantastic job covering the history of the event. Please visit their website and listen to the podcast that has been made for the 150-year anniversary.




Marketing Grader-MSU Website

By using HubSpot’s Marketing Grader tool I was able to get a rating of the university’s website.   Overall, the website scored a 75.  

Personally, I was very surprised with this score.  I was expecting a grade somewhere between 90-100.  With all of the different things people are able to do on the university website, I was sure of a great score.  As I continued to read I learned a lot about why the website received the grade that it did and how the website can be improved.

One reason the website has a lower score is the lack of updating.  According to Marketing Grader, MSU updates their website about every 48 days.  Companies that update their website 20 times/month generate five times as much traffic as those who only update a few times.

Another reason that the website lost points was that it is difficult to relate to social media.  Times are changing, and I hate to say it, but social media is becoming one of the most powerful tools that are available to us.  MSU needs to do a better job of making it easier for the website visitors to share its information on social media.

What I did notice is that MSU is using social media.  It is a step in the right direction, but there is still work to be done as far as availability to the everyday website visitor.  It could also be doing more on their social media sites to promote the website and the university itself.

From what I read, I think that MSU needs to be more involved in the public relations aspect of mass media to earn a higher grade with HubSpot’s Marketing Grader


Digital Media Skills Every Young Journalist Needs

After reading the article Digital Media Skills Every Young Journalist Needs I learned that I have skills that are very important to have in the journalism world and I need to develop some skills to better myself before graduating college and going into the “real world”.
I think that I am good at keeping people interested in my work. I try to make my target audience as large as I can because that way I will be more likely to appeal to a higher number of people. I think this quality helps me because I use different tactics to draw attention rather than close doors on myself between me and my audience.
The main technical skill that I think I need to work on while attending school is working with spreadsheets and the business aspect of public relations. The article compared not being able to sort data and information in a spreadsheet today would be like not being able to read 30 years ago. With the way technology is taking over our world we need to be fully knowledgeable about how things work around us. I completely agree with the author when she says that us students need to know where to find these tools and how to use them.
I think this list is just as useful to PR students as it is to journalism students. The line between the two has become so fine that it is difficult to see. I strongly recommend this article to any mass media student who is eager to find out what may give them an advantage over other recent graduates when looking for a job.

Places That I have Lived

I don’t consider myself a nomad, but I have lived in several places throughout my life. This map gives a breif description of where I have been throughout the state of Minnesota. I was born in Maple Grove, Minn. and lived there for seven years. I then moved to Plymouth and lived there until I was 18. I came to Mankato to go to college and have moved from the dorms, to an apartment and finally to a house.

2012 World Series

The San Francisco Giants defeated the Detroit Tigers tonight to be crowned the 2012 World Series Champions.  The Giants beat the Tigers in each of the first four games of the series to complete the “sweep”.  I have spent the past fifteen years of my life worshiping the sport of baseball.  But this year, I must admit, I paid very little attention to the championship series of the 2012 season.  
Being a Minnesota Twins fan I have become accustomed to despise anything that has to do with the AL Central which doesn’t include the Twins.  The Tigers, however, happen to hail from the same division.
Not to mention, I am also a Texas Rangers fan. The Giants won the World Series a mere three years ago and defeated, you guessed it, the Texas Rangers. If I wasn’t already bitter towards the Giants for beating one of my favorite teams in the championship, I most certainly am now. If I wanted to see the same team win the championship every year I would wear a New York Yankees jersey five days out of the week.
In ESPN’s article it sounded like the series was very bland besides the fact that the Giants’ third baseman Pablo Sandoval had an impressive .500 batting average throughout the series.
When it is all said and done, I am glad to say that it is no longer baseball season and we can all go back to focusing on our fantasy football teams each Sunday rather than keeping an open mind to the World Series.

Declaration of Independence

Three very important parts of the Declaration of Independence are the Preamble, Grievances and the Pledge from our Founding Fathers.

The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America,

When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.–That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, –That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.–Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.

He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.
He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.
He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.
He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.
He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harrass our people, and eat out their substance.
He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.
He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power.
He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:
For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:
For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:
For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:
For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:
For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury:
For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences
For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies:
For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:
For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.
He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.
He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.
He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our Brittish brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.

We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.

HTML Tutorials

About HTML

There is a lot more you can learn about HTML. And the best place to turn for complete information on any topic related to Web design is, of course, the Web. The following sites offer helpful tutorials so you can learn more about HTML.


Why Should I Blog For My Mass Media Classes?

It’s very simple actually. We have to. Well, that may be the case for one of my classes. The second class however, I do have an option to blog or not. But 20 extra credit points for one measly blog post per week, who would think twice? I haven’t been offered a better deal since I was able to make a living off toys and candy by wrenching my teeth out of my head.

I am still getting used to the feel of blogging. I have never done anything like this before and I’m finding myself a bit clueless as to what I should be blogging about. Perhaps the quality of my blogs as I continue to post throughout the semester? I sure would appreciate the feedback! Or maybe something that I find to be a little bit more interesting. Such as fantasy sports updates and play-by-play posts of my slow pitch softball games. I’m sure you all have been fighting tooth and nail to get the inside coverage from the All-Star intramural softball team Head First, and I may just be the gate to your wildest dreams.. I’m not breaking any laws by posting jokes, am I?

So maybe my motivation to post on my blog could come from better places, and yes I am about as amateur as amateurs can be when it comes to blogging. But what I can say is that I will try my very best to keep my audience entertained. Because when it all comes down to it, if you weren’t reading, I would be talking to a wall. Thank you very much for taking the time to read what I have to say.

I’ll bet he reads The New York Times.

Page One, Journalism: A 1940 Vocational Film Reflection

The two films that we watched in class showed how much journalism has changed in the past seventy years.  It was easy to see that the basic principles of journalism has been the same for a long time but with the way technology has evolved it was easy to see the differences.

The difference that stuck out to me the most was how little women were involved in journalism in the past.  The first movie mentioned that women were typically used to write pieces that would target women.  Today, women are involved in journalism just as much as men.

What I noticed about how the movies suggested about the field of journalism and its future is that none of the characters seemed to be as worried as I would have expected. I think that the worry that the journalists did have was more so about the newspapers rather than the journalism field as a whole.

Even though the way that the news is distributed has changed completely in the past half century, I think that the news is still very much the same.  The news may be more directed towards an online audience, but the stories and the purpose of the news is still the same that it has always been.

I think that as long as the news is produced, people will pay attention to it.  I do not see the aspect of journalism changing anytime in the future.  Without the news, people will feel oblivious to what is going on around them.  However, I do think that with the technology advancements that will take place in the future it will be difficult to find a way to keep people paying for the information.  I think that it will be too easy for people to receive this information for free which will result in less people paying for the journalist’s products.

I think that journalist will continue to be the producers of the news because they have been the ones who have been producing it for many years in the past and have exposed the population to high quality information.  I think the public will continue to support it, but I think that there will be very extreme financial struggles along the way.